Языковые конфликты и методы измерения языкового конфликтогенного потенциала
In the frames of the lecture there will be considered the concept and typology of language conflicts and the possibility of estimating the conflict potential among speakers. The prerequisites and causes of the emergence of language conflicts in language communities, as well as the incentives and triggers that provoke their occurrence are investigated. The main approaches to the typology of language conflicts are described. The methodology for measuring the conflictogenic potential of the language community by conducting surveys among speakers is analyzed, and its application in practice is presented. The paper considers three methods for measuring the conflictogenic potential, developed on the basis of assessing the existing threats to the stability of the current language situation in the community and identifying the degree of satisfaction among the members of the language community. The first method for assessing tensions in a language community is considered in the context of a threat to the identity of a language group. The second method of studying the potential for conflict is a combination of three components: realistic, symbolic threats and intergroup anxiety. The third method for assessing the tension of a language community is the method of predictive scaling, which identifies four stages in the development of a language conflict.